Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Unit

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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Unit

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized room, which designed to be airtight; the air pressure in the room is increased to three times higher than normal air pressure. Under these conditions, the lungs can gather more oxygen than would be possible while breathing pure oxygen at normal air pressure. The blood carries this oxygen throughout the body. This helps fight bacteria and stimulate the release of substances called growth factors and stem cells, which promote recovery.

Oxygen therapy has been demonstrated to be effective for decompression sickness, a hazard of scuba diving. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is also used to treat other medical conditions include serious infections, bubbles of air in your blood vessels, and wounds that won’t heal as a result of diabetes or radiation injury.

Medical Services

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is used to treat several medical conditions such as:

  • Sudden vision loss
  • Skin-flap necrosis
  • Radiation injury
  • Non-healing wounds, such as a diabetic foot ulcer
  • Infection of skin or bone that causes tissue death
  • Gangrene
  • Sudden deafness
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Decompression sickness
  • Burn
  • Bubbles of air in your blood vessels (arterial gas embolism)
  • Brain abscess
  • Anemia


The evidence is insufficient to support claims that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy can effectively treat the following conditions:

  • Stroke
  • Sports injury
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Migraine
  • Hepatitis
  • Heatstroke
  • Heart disease
  • Gastrointestinal ulcers
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Depression
  • Cirrhosis
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Cancer
  • Brain injury
  • Bell’s palsy
  • Autism
  • Asthma
  • Arthritis
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Allergies



Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is generally a safe procedure, but this treatment may carry some risks.

Potential risks include:

  • In certain circumstances, fire – due to the oxygen-rich environment of the treatment chamber.
  • Seizures as a result of too much oxygen in the central nervous system.
  • Lung collapse caused by air pressure changes.
  • Middle ear injuries, including leaking fluid and eardrum rupture, due to increased air pressure.
  • Temporary nearsightedness caused by temporary eye lens changes.


Patient Instructions for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

There are some procedures that the patient must know and adhere before entering the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Unit, such as:

  1. Patients can’t take items such as lighters or battery-powered devices into the hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber.
  2. They may need to remove hair and skin care products that are petroleum based and potentially a fire hazard.
  3. A room designed to accommodate several people.
  4. Patients receive the oxygen through a mask over their face or a lightweight, clear hood placed over their head.
  5. The increased air pressure will create a temporary feeling of fullness in your ears. They can relieve that feeling by yawning or swallowing.
  6. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy typically is performed as an outpatient procedure and doesn’t require hospitalization.
  7. For most conditions, therapy lasts approximately two hours.
  8. To benefit from hyperbaric oxygen therapy, patients will likely need more than one session depends on their medical condition.
  9. Patients may feel somewhat tired or hungry following their treatment.
  10. To effectively treat other conditions; hyperbaric oxygen therapy is used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan and administered with other therapies and drugs that fit their individual needs.

Head of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Unit

Dr. Mohammed Khattab

Dr. Mohammed Khattab

Emergency and Resuscitation Specialist

Dr. Mohammed Khattab is an Emergency and Resuscitation Specialist with over 7 years of experience, currently he is the Head of the Emergency Department and the Hyperbaric Unit at the Istishari Arab Hospital.

Prior to joining Istishari Arab Hospital in Ramallah, Dr. Khattab worked at Palestine Medical Complex - Ramallah, Shaare Zedek Hospital - Jerusalem and several medical centers in Palestine.

Dr. Khattab graduated from the Faculty of Medicine from Luhansk Medical University - Ukraine. Then he joined the specialization program in Emergency and Resuscitation at Palestine Medical Complex.